Jump to navigation Jump to search Refinancing is the replacement of an existing refinance percentage of value obligation with another debt obligation under different terms. If the replacement of debt occurs under financial distress, refinancing might be referred to as debt restructuring. Refinancing for reasons 2, 3, and 5 are usually undertaken by borrowers who are in financial difficulty in order to reduce their monthly repayment obligations, with the penalty that they will take longer to pay off their debt. If high-interest debt, such as credit card debt, is consolidated into the home mortgage, the borrower is able to pay off the remaining debt at mortgage rates over a longer period.
For home mortgages in the United States, there may be tax advantages available with refinancing, particularly if one does not pay Alternative Minimum Tax. There will also be transaction fees on the refinancing. If the refinanced loan has the same interest rate as previously, but a longer term, it will result in a larger total interest cost over the life of the loan, and will result in the borrower remaining in debt for many more years. Typically, a refinanced loan will have a lower interest rate.
This lower rate, combined with the new, longer term remaining on the loan will lower payments. A borrower should calculate the total cost of a new loan compared to the existing loan. This should be lower than the remaining interest that will be paid on the existing loan to see if it makes financial sense to refinance. In some jurisdictions, varying by American state, refinanced mortgage loans are considered recourse debt, meaning that the borrower is liable in case of default, while un-refinanced mortgages are non-recourse debt. Refinancing lenders often require a percentage of the total loan amount as an upfront payment. This section is written like a manual or guidebook. Borrowers with this type of refinancing typically pay few if any upfront fees to get the new mortgage loan.